The Roman Catholic Church Did It
In vindication of this charge, History, Prophecy, and the Bible, bear positive testimony.
The little horn which destroyed the three is the symbol of the papacy, the Roman Catholic Church. Of this power the prophecy states: "He shall speak great words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and think to change times and laws; and they shall be given into his hands until a time, times, and the dividing of a time." -- Dan.7:25.
Notice the expression, "think to change times and laws." Here is a prediction that the papacy, Roman Catholic Church, will change, or rather attempt to change, the law of God, and change it with especial reference to time. Now, the only time mentioned in that commandment law of God, is the seventh day. We have here, therefore, a direct prophecy of the attempted change of the Sabbath. This verse constitutes a direct charge by Jehovah, that the power which has been guilty of changing the observance of the Sabbath is, the Roman Catholic Church.
The truth of the charge is settled by the fact that it is made by God, who cannot err, and will not lie. And the very fact that God does declare the Roman Catholic Church guilty of the crime, ought to forever settle the Sabbath question with every person who believes God. History records the fact, and God's charge against the Roman Catholic Church is fully supported by the testimony of many reliable witnesses, -- histories, encyclopedias, and theological works.
Many candid and unbiased witnesses frankly admit that there is no Bible authority for Sunday observance.
The New York Tribune, weekly edition, May 24, 1900, -- says, "Is there no express commandment for observing the first day of week as the Sabbath, instead of the seventh day? None whatsoever. Neither Christ nor His apostles, nor the first christians celebrated the first day of the week instead of the seventh day as the Sabbath."
Rev. Ed. T. Hiscock, D.D., author of the "Baptist Church Manual," in an address before the Baptist ministers meeting in New York City, as reported in the Examiner of Nov.16,1893, said, -- "There was and is a commandment to keep holy the Sabbath day, but that Sabbath day was not Sunday. It will, however, be readily said, and with some show of triumph, that the Sabbath was transferred from the seventh day to the first day of the week. . . There is no Scriptural evidence of the change of the Sabbath institution from the seventh to the first day of the week."
Dr. Lyman Abbott, one of the best known ministers of the United States, when he was editor of the Christian Union, said in an editorial in that paper under date of June 26,1890, -- "The current notion that Christ and His apostles authoritatively substituted the first day for the seventh, is absolutely without any authority in the New Testament."
Section 10, of part 2, of the "Augsburg Confession of Faith," Lutheran document, as quoted in Cox's "Sabbath Manual" is as follows, -- "The observance of the Lord's day (Sunday) is founded, not on any command of God, but on the authority of the church."
Bishop Seymore of the Protestant Episcopal Church is quoted in the book, "Why We Keep Sunday," on this question as follows, -- "We have made the change from the seventh day to the first day, from Saturday to Sunday, on the authority of the holy, Catholic, Apostolic Church of Christ."
Sir William Dowville, in his book, "The Examination of Six Texts," on page 91, says, -- "Centuries of the christian era passed away before the Sunday was observed as a Sabbath. History does not furnish us with a single proof or indication that it was so observed previous to the Sabbatical edict of Constantine, A.D. 321."
In the article, "Sunday," the Encyclopedia Brittanica says, -- "It was Constantine who first made a law for the proper observance of Sunday; and who, according to Eusebius, appointed that it should be regularly celebrated throughout the Roman Empire."
Prof. N. Summerbell, a prominent minister and author of the Christian Church, once president of Antioch College, Ohio, -- says in his "History of the Christians," on page 418 -- "It (the Roman Church) has reversed the fourth commandment, doing away with the Sabbath of God's word, and instituting Sunday as a holy day."
Article 28 of the "Augsburg Confessions," reads, -- "They (the Catholics) allege the Sabbath changed into Sunday, the Lord's day, contrary to the decalogue as it appears; neither is there any example more boasted of than the changing of the Sabbath day. Great, say they, is the power and authority of the church, since it dispenses with one of the commandments."
William Prynne, in his book "Dissertations of the Lord's Day," page 163, says, -- "The seventh day Sabbath . . . solemnized by the apostles, and primitive Christians, until the Laodicean council did, in manner, quite abolish the observance of it. . . The council of Laodicea (A.D.364) . . . first settled the observance of the Lord's day."
These quotations, and many more that might be given, are from Protestant sources. It will now be interesting to see if the Roman Catholic Church will confess that the change in the observance of the Sabbath is its work.
It not only does confess this, but it boasts of it, as the following extracts, all from Catholic sources, will show.
In the "Catechism of the Christian" by Rev. Stephen Keenan, on page 206, are the following questions and answers :
"Question, -- what is the day of rest?"
"Answer, -- The seventh day of the week, or Saturday."
"Question, -- Is it then Saturday that we should sanctify in order to obey the ordinance of God?"
"Answer, -- During the old law, Saturday was the day sanctified; but the church... has substituted Sunday for Saturday; so now we sanctify the first, and not the seventh day."
Another Catechism, "The Christian Instructed," page 202, says :
"Question, -- What warrant have you for keeping the Sunday preferably to the ancient Sabbath, which was Saturday?"
"Answer, -- We have for it the authority of the Catholic Church, and apostolic tradition."
"Question, -- Does the Scriptures anywhere command the Sunday to be kept for the Sabbath?"
"Answer, -- the Scriptures command us to hear the church but the Scriptures do not in particular mention the change of the Sabbath."
The "Doctrinal Catechism," page 174, says :
"Question, -- Have you any other way of proving that the church has power to institute festivals of precept?"
"Answer, -- Had she not such power, she could not have done that, in which all modern religionists agree with her . . . she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday, the first day of the week, for the observance of the Sabbath, the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority."
Protestants Contradict Themselves
"The Abridgement of Christian Doctrine," page 53, contains this :
"Question, -- How prove you that the church has power to command feasts and holidays?"
"Answer, -- By the very act of changing the Sabbath into Sunday, which Protestants allow of, and therefore they fondly contradict themselves by keeping Sunday strictly, and breaking most other feasts commanded by the same church."
"Question, -- How prove You that?"
"Answer, -- Because by keeping Sunday they acknowledge the church's power to ordain feasts, and to command under sin."
In a book, "Plain Talks About Protestantism of Today," on page 213, is this statement :
"It is worth while to remember that the observance of the Sabbath, in which, after all, the only Protestant worship consists, not only has no foundation in the Bible, but is in flagrant contradiction to its letter, which commands rest on the Sabbath, which is Saturday. It was the Catholic Church, which, not by the authority of Jesus Christ, has transferred this rest to Sunday in remembrance of the resurrection of our Lord. Thus the observance of Sunday by the Protestants is an homage they pay in spite of themselves, to the authority of the church."
The Church Changed the Day
On pages 86 and 87 of "A New Catechism of Christian Faith and Evidence," by Rt. Rev. James Bedford, D.D., are these words :
"Question, -- What is the third (fourth) commandment?"
"Answer, -- remember thou keep holy the Sabbath day."
"Question, -- What day was the Sabbath?"
"Answer, -- the seventh day, our Saturday."
"Question, -- Do you keep the Sabbath?"
"Answer, -- No, we keep the Lord's day".
"Question, -- What is that?"
"Answer, -- The first day, Sunday."
"Question, -- Who changed it?"
"Answer, -- The Catholic Church."
On page 211 of "Catholic Christian Instructed," is this statement :
"Question, -- Has the church power to make any alteration in the commandments of God?"
"Answer, -- . . . Instead of the seventh day and other festivals appointed by the old |aw, the church has prescribed the Sundays and holy days to be set apart for God's worship; and these we are now obliged to keep in consequence of God's commandment, instead of the ancient Sabbath?"
In the Catholic Press of Sydney, Australia, in its issue of August 25, 1900, there is this statement:
"Sunday is a Catholic institution, and its claims to observance can be defended only by Catholic principles from beginning to end of the Scriptures, there is not a single passage that warrants the transfer of weekly public worship from the last day of the week to the first."
Cardinal Gibbons in his book, "Faith of Our Fathers," edition
of 1892, on page 111 says, -- "You may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday, a day which we never sanctify."
A Man Made Law of the Church
From Father Walter Drum in Ecclesiastical Review, February, 1914, Vol.50, No.2, pages 230-232 :
"The observance of Sunday thus becomes an ecclesiastical law, entirely distinct from the Divine law of the Sabbath observance. The prescription of Genesis 2:2,3 in regard to the Sabbath has nothing whatever to do with the law of the church about Sunday, the Lord's day.
Catholics should observe the law of the church, not by the Old Testament observances of the Sabbath, nor by the dictates of Protestants or of Jews, but by the prescription of the church herself. The author of the Sunday law is the only one who has a right to interpret that law; and that author is the Catholic Church."
Again he says on page 236, -- "They (the Protestants) deem it their duty to keep the Sunday holy. Why? Because the Catholic tells them to do so. They have no other reason."
The following questions and answers will be found in "The Converts Catechism of Catholic Doctrine," by Rev. Peter Geiermann, page 50, 3rd edition, 1913 :
"Question, -- Which is the Sabbath day?"
"Answer, -- Saturday is the Sabbath day."
"Question, -- Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?"
"Answer, -- We observe Sunday instead of Saturday, because the Catholic Church, in the Council of Laodicea, transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday."
The Kansas City Catholic, of February 9, 1893, said :
"The Catholic Church by its own infallible authority created Sunday as a holy day, to take the place of the Sabbath of the old law."
From a lecture by Father T. Enright, of Des Moines, Iowa, at the time when he was president of Redemptorist Fathers College, a lecture delivered in 1893. He said :
"There is but one church on the face of the earth, which has the power, or claims power, to make laws binding on the conscience, -- binding before God, binding under pain of hell fire. For instance, the institution of Sunday. What right has any other church to keep this day? If you answer, by virtue of the third commandment, which says, -- 'Remember that thou keep the Sabbath day.' But Sunday is not the Sabbath. Any school boy knows that Sunday is the first day of the week.
I have repeatedly offered one thousand dollars to anyone who will prove by the Bible alone, that Sunday is the day that we are bound to keep, and no one has called for the money. It was the holy Catholic Church that changed the day of rest from Saturday, the seventh day, to Sunday, the first day of the week.
Which church does the whole civilized world obey? The Bible says, 'Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day,' but the Catholic Church says, 'No, keep the first day of the week,' and all the world bows down in reverend obedience to the mandates of the Catholic Church.'"
God has charged the Roman Catholic Church with the crime of tampering with the Divine law in changing the observance of the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday. History testifies to the truth of the charge, and the Roman Catholics boldly admit that they are guilty of the crime, of taking the fourth commandment from the heart of God's holy law, The Ten Commandments, which say, "The seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God," . . . and in its place have substituted Sunday, the first day of the week, which has no sacredness whatever. The Sunday institution can be found in tradition, but not in the Bible.
It is evident that the Protestant churches in observing Sunday have forsaken the commandment of the Bible, and are following the doctrines and traditions of men. And so, on this point, the Catholics can truthfully accuse Protestants who keep Sunday, as being inconsistent. "To the law and the testimonies, if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them."
"Blessed is the man that keepeth the Sabbath, from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing evil."
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